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Endangered wildlife species in India


Endangered species in India

The land of India is a home for numerous species of flora and fauna. Some of them are endangered species and some are even critically endangered. The shelter to a wide range of wild animals is one of the most exciting characteristics over here. This amazing diversity is the center of attraction for the tourists and to the lovers of wildlife and nature.

But, nowadays a huge quantity of wild animals are vulnerable with their entire species. The endangered species are the animals or population which are under the threats of extinction or almost about to extinct. Their existence is in danger and additionally, they are left in very small quantity and the population is decreasing

A rapid increase in the ratio of highly endangered species is a critical issue related to the alluring diversity of any place. There is an abundance of names of the species which are endangered in India. Given below are some of the names of such species of animals and wildlife in India.

One-Horned Rhino / Indian Rhinoceros

Asiatic Lion

Great Indian Bustard

Royal Bengal Tiger

Snow Leopard

Lion-tailed macaque

Nilgiri Tahr

Indian Elephant

One-Horned Rhino or Indian Rhinoceros

Rhinoceros species are also known as great Indian rhinoceros or One-horned Rhino having the biological name Rhinoceros unicornis. From earlier time, they are the native of India and Nepal. They are one of the largest known mammals worldwide. 

Since early time, the survival of this species is critical as their population was in decreasing & leading to their extinction. The greater one-horned rhinoceros have been declared vulnerable by the IUCN Red list as well.

Out of its five subspecies, three are found in Asia, while two are highly endangered. Some of the major factors responsible for the extinction of this fascinating mammal and make them endangered are mentioned below

  • Inhumane activities like hunting are primarily responsible for the vast declination in the population of these rhinos. 
  • Illegal means of trafficking and the poaching of the one-horned rhino has led down their population.
  • Regarding this criminal approach, since 1977, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (Cites) has banned the trade of the horns of these mammals.
  • Increasing demands of the land for the industrialization have captured the shelter to these animals.
  • The loss of the habitat or their natural home has led the species to become endangered.
  • It has been observed that the fertile land is the suitable choice for their habitat, meanwhile, the requirements of such land for farming has depleted the existing habitat.

As preventive measures, numerous initiatives are taken by both government and citizens to tackle this situation. Various conservative projects are also running to mark an increase in the deployed population. 22 September has been declared as World Rhino Day, every year.

Asiatic Lions

Asiatic lions are known to be the member of the big cat family and the scientific name is Panthera Leo Persica. The only shelter in the world to this beautiful Big Cat is the Gir Forest Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat, India. 

This amazing species is highly endangered and only around 500 of their kind remain in their lasts natural habitat. Asiatic lions were added to the list of endangered animals in 2000 by the  International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Many factors are responsible to harm the population of this fascinating big cat, here are some of the main reasons.

  • Lesser available options for their habitat is the prime reason for the decline in population and going toward the extinction of these king of the jungles. 
  • Until a few decades back, Hunting was the main reason for their population reduction.
  • Loss of the natural habitat was another main reason.
  • Due to the loss of other wildlife, fewer alternatives to other animals are there to be served as their food. 

Appropriate knowledge must be spread among the people about the danger of the existence of the lions. Various government projects are also running for the same. And the favorable response has been recorded due to numerous practices taken to save them. Different organizations along with the locals are working there with hundreds of volunteers who keep an eye for the safety of Asian lions.

Blackbuck – The Beautiful Antelope

The only existing member of the genus Antelope is also known as Blackbuck. They are found in countries like India, Nepal. More precisely, the antelope found in India is known as Blackbuck. This graceful endangered animal was mostly found in the plain regions of India.

Blackbuck is popular since the early time, even before the time of independence in India. Many of our religious stories also reflect the presence of this beautiful species from ancient times. This herbivores animal is considered as one of the fastest running animals.

But for a long time, their population had been decreased rapidly. Nowadays their survival is in critical condition in India. Gujarat, Punjab, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, and Haryana are the states of India, where this mesmerizing antelope is found.

Factors for the species to become extinct are as follows

  • Hunting was the earliest and primary reason for the huge depleted ratio of the animal. Earlier, the kings used to hunt blackbuck as a mark of status. All these Inhumane practices against the survival of this living being make the entire species critically endangered in India.
  • Also, for the commercial purpose, the innocent animals were targeted. These beautiful antelope were also hunted for their skin. Poaching is another factor to harm the existence of these species in India.

However, Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 has prohibited their hunting and declared it as a crime. Additionally, numerous national parks and other conservation projects are active to protect these animals. NRCOPA is a Central Government Scheme working for the same.

Great Indian Bustard

A large bird that belongs to the Ardeotis nigriceps species is better known as  Great Indian Bustard. One of the heaviest flying bird, it is found in the sub-continent India. The dry plains of the Indian subcontinent are the most prominent shelter for this species. Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh are the states where we can find them. 

This beautiful and alluring bird has a left population which is even less than 300. A high degradation in their population has been recorded which is still reducing. The saddest and prior reason is the upgraded human lifestyle. Increasing the need for the lands for industrialization is snatching the shelter place of these innocent living creatures.

The loss of habitat is continuously making the existence of this bird nearly to threaten. Mining and poaching in such places and other such practices have also effected their rate of existence.

To tackle this issue there is an urgent need for conservation. State Forest Department is putting its best efforts to hold the rate of reduction. Strict guidelines are followed regarding anti-poaching laws and teams are working with their best input. A large network is required to be set with a good monitoring system along with the crucial information on the threats of this bird.

Royal Bengal Tiger

The biggest member of the wild cat family is none other than the Royal Bengal Tiger. This powerful species is the national animal of both India and Bangladesh. They belong to the species known as the Panthera Tigris . The most special characteristic of this endangered big cat is that they are amazing swimmers and additionally terrific hunters.

Their strong claws helps them to prey for their survival. You can fund this species in the mangroves of Sundarbans as this is the only species which has shelter in the mangroves forests.

The tigers are constantly in the danger to become critically endangered as their population is decreasing. However, they are still comprising most of the ratio of the world’s tigers.

Numerous reasons are making the decline in the count of this fascinating Royal Cat family member. Here are some reasons

  • The first and the prime reason is the replacements of their habitat to the industrial lands to meet the requirements of the growing human population.
  • Poaching is another big reason for the species to come under the endangered category.
  • Hunting for these royal tigers for their claws and skin.
  • Loss of habitat.
  • Natural disasters like floods also take the life of a few Royal Bengal Tiger every year.

Looking forward to saving this national animal, the Government of India had started Project Tiger in 1973. There are 50 tiger reserves in India now, which are prominently working greatly to save the species to get extinct from our country. A rise in the population of this endangered species is recorded due to the hard work.

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